Ileocolon Interposition as a Substitute Stomach After Total or Proximal Gastrectomy
Sakamoto, Takashi; Fujimaki, Masao; Tazawa, Kenji.
Objective: The authors evaluated ileocolon interposition as a substitute stomach after total gastrectomy (TG) or proximal gastrectomy (PG).
Summary Background Data: Although the jejunum frequently is used for reconstruction to create a substitute stomach after TG or PG, there are few reports on ileocolon interposition.
Methods: The authors performed ileocolon interposition in 47 patients who underwent TG (N = 18) or PG (N = 29) for malignant gastric lesion and evaluated the function of this structure as a substitute stomach using esophagoscopy, manometry, pH-metry, emptying time, oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and postoperative body weight changes.
Results: No patient reported any reflux symptoms or showed endoscopic findings of reflux esophagitis.
These results were well supported by manometry and acid loading pH-metry.
Emptying time and OGTT showed good capacity as a reservoir of food, and the postoperative body weight averaged more than 90% of preoperative weight.
Clinically, no significant difference between these two groups was recognized during long-term follow-up for up to 12 years after operation.
There were no cases of direct operative death, and the 5- and 10-year survival rates were 64.7% and 40.2%, respectively.
Conclusions: Ileocolon interposition after TG or PG has the advantages of preventing postoperative reflux esophagitis and of providing functional replacement of the stomach as a reservoir for ingested food.
(C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers
Annals of Surgery. 226(2):139-145, August 1997.
Ileocolon Interposition as a Substitute Stomach After Total or Proximal Gastrectomy.
Sakamoto, Takashi M.D.; Fujimaki, Masao M.D.; Tazawa, Kenji M.D.