Kaibysheva V., Trukhmanov A., Ponomarev A., Storonova O., Konkov M., Ivashkin V. Role of acid and non-acid reflux esophageal mucosal damage / 22-nd United European Gastroenterology Week October 18 - 22, 2014. Vienna, Austria.

Популярно о болезнях ЖКТ Лекарства при болезнях ЖКТ Если лечение не помогает Адреса клиник

Авторы: Кайбышева В.О. / Трухманов А.С. / Пономарев А.Б. / Сторонова О.А. / Коньков М.Ю. / Ивашкин В.Т.


UEG week 2014

Role of acid and non-acid reflux esophageal mucosal damage (erosive esophagitis and Barrett's esophagus)

Valeria Kaibysheva*, Alexander Trukhmanov, Andrey Ponomarev, Olga Storonova, Mikhail Konkov, Vladimir Ivashkin

First Moscow state medical university, Moscow, Russian Federation

Aims & Methods: The aim of this study was to access the role of acid (pH<4), weakly-acid (4<pH<7) and alkaline (pH>7) reflux in esophageal mucosal injury.

127 patients (75(59.1%) women and 52(40.9%) men, averaging 48.6 ± 14.9 years), off acid-suppressive therapy underwent upper-GI endoscopy with biopsy and combined esophageal pH-impedance monitoring.

According to data from pH-impedance study patients were subdivided into three groups by predominant characteristic of reflux: GERD with acid reflux (n = 65; AR); GERD with weakly-acid reflux (n = 36, WR); GERD with duodenogastroesophageal reflux (n = 26, DGER).

Results: Catarrhal esophagitis (NERD) was found during endoscopy in 55.4% AR group, in 86.1% WR group, and in 76.9% DGER group,(p (AR-WR) <0.05).

Erosive esophagitis (ERD) was found in 40%, 13.9% and 23.1% for AR, WR, DGER, respectively (p (AR-WR) <0,05). Esophageal ulcers were found only in AR group in 4.6%.


Fig. I. Results of upper-GI endoscopy in GERD patients with different types of reflux

Fig. I. Results of upper-GI endoscopy in GERD patients with different types of reflux


AR and DGER patients had significantly higher activity and degree of mucosal inflammation than patients in WR group (p<0,05).

Fig. II. Activity and degree of mucosal inflammation in GERD patients with different types of reflux

Fig. II. Activity and degree of mucosal inflammation in GERD patients with different types of reflux

Endoscopic changes indicating Barrett's esophagus with histologic presence of esophageal intestinal metaplasia was found in 16%, 5.8%, and 42.9% for AR, WR, DGER, respectively (pAR-DGER<0,05; pWR-DGER<0,05).


Fig. III. Endoscopic changes indicating Barrett's esophagus with histologic presence of esophageal intestinal metaplasia in DGER patient

Fig. III. Endoscopic changes indicating Barrett's esophagus with histologic presence of esophageal intestinal metaplasia in DGER patient


Fig. IV. Results of histological study in GERD patients with different types of reflux

Fig. IV. Results of histological study in GERD patients with different types of reflux


Conclusion:

  • Acid reflux is the key factor in causing esophageal injury, sue as esophageal erosions and ulcers.
  • Weakly acidic reflux does not contribute significantly to esophageal mucosal damage, but may cause catarrhal esophagitis.
  • Duodenogastroesophageal reflux plays an important role in developing Barrett's esophagus.

*Copyright©2014KaibyshevaV.O.valeriakai@mail.ru



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Адреса клиник

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